Data Center - A BRIEF HISTORY
Early computer systems were complex to operate and maintain, and required a special environment in which to operate. Many cables were necessary to connect all the components, and methods to accommodate and organize these were devised, such as standard racks to mount equipment, raised floors, and cable trays. Also, a single mainframe required a great deal of power, and had to be cooled to avoid overheating. Security was important – computers were expensive. Basic design guidelines for controlling access to the computer room were therefore devised.
During 1980s as computers started to be deployed everywhere, information technology (IT) operations started to grow in complexity and companies grew aware of the need to control IT resources. The availability of inexpensive networking equipment, coupled with new standards for network structured cabling, made it possible to use a hierarchical design that put the servers in a specific room inside the company. The use of the term “data center,” as applied to specially designed computer rooms, started to gain popular recognition about this time.
Why DATA Center
IT operations are a crucial aspect of most organizational operations around the world. One of the main concerns is business continuity; companies rely on their information systems to run their operations. If a system becomes unavailable, company operations may be impaired or stopped completely. It is necessary to provide a reliable infrastructure for IT operations, in order to minimize any chance of disruption. Information security is also a concern, and for this reason a data center has to offer a secure environment which minimizes the chances of a security breach.
Data centers are involved in running Amazon, Facebook, eBay, Disneyworld, etc. Regardless of the size and purpose of the data centers, all data centers serve one purpose that is to “process information”.